Wednesday, February 17, 2010
Improved Biomass Stoves: The Next Generation
Stoves have existed since the beginning of human history. They have come in various sizes and styles, having been adapted to myriad cultures and food preparation methods. As society has progressed, more sophisticated stove models have been developed. Today’s modern kitchen reflects the many types of standardized and specialized cooking devices available from coffee and tea pots to toasters and gas cooktops. In contrast, the poor in developing countries still burn biomass energy in what amounts to open fires. The smoke produced by these primitiave stoves has been associated with a number of diseases, the most serious of which is acute respiratory illness such as bronchitis and pnemonia.
Its nice that there is more international competition in developing new products. However, the question is should there be more interational attention to this problem?
More resources below.
I can’t resist putting in the attached video highlighting the Justa stove in Honduras featuring the Honduran Association for Development (ADHESA) and Trees Water and People who received an Ashden Award for this program.
There are some classic materials on this and I would highly recommend the website of Kirk Smith available in the favorits links page. Also, there was an older study from years ago with the title What Makes People Cook with Improved Biomass Stoves: A Review of Programs . There are two intersting articles on the successful improved stove program in China. The most recent has the title An Assessment of Programs to Promote Improved Household Stoves in China published in 2004. An older one is called One hundred Million Improved Stoves in China: How was it Done.
Links to some of the new stove products are listed below.
The World Stove from you guessed it Worldstove.
The Stovetec from Aprovecho.
Envirofit's Stoves. designed in Colorado State University.
Siemens Protos Stove
Appropriate Rural Technology Institute or simply ARTI supports a wide variety of useful stoves
Onil Stove from Helps International.
First Energy promotes the Oorja Stove in India. This is a pellet stove first developed by BP and now is being promoted in India mostly as an alternative to purchase fuels including LPG, kerosene and even wood.