|Retail LPG Use in India in Millions: Industry Source|
|LPG Cooking in Hyderbad India: by D. Barnes|
For more continue reading below.
Most LPG is distributed either through private or state run oil or gas companies in most developing countries. What are the policies that they should follow to make LPG accessible to poor households? These actually have been well spelled out by some successful program. The include
- Provide subsidies for the LPG stove to encourage adoption (but free may be a bit over the top);
- Sell LPG at market rates so that it does not raise fuelwood prices in urban areas;
- Do not excessively subsidize LPG because it will be siphoned off into areas such as transport and diverted from the household market;
- Develop a program to distribute it in small more affordable bottles or cylinders; and
- Extend promotion to rural areas if there is a viable market.
Some interesting links
Kirk Smith’s editorial in Science In Praise of Petroleum. For the more technically inclined he makes more detailed points in Greenhouse Implications of Household Stoves: An Analysis for India.
I did a study on Understanding Fuelwood Prices in Developing Countries many years ago which established link between fuelwood prices and petroleum prices in biomass scarce countries. This was further refined in The Urban Energy Transition which is a publication in the sidebar. Another good somewhat technical study on Urban India Fuel Choice presents information for the National Sample Survey of India.
There is one interesting rather long report on LPG Use as a Domestic Cooking Fuel in India. This is quite comprehensive and well done if somewhat long report covering such issues as comparative cooking prices, the growth of LPG use which is documented but updated in the chart above along with government and industry policies. The figures on LPG growth chart in this blog were mostly taken from this source and are from government ministries.