KES 3. Four Regulatory Principles to Promote Diverse Electrification. Kilian Reiche, Bernard Tenenbaum, and Clemencia Torres. The study proposes four principles for regulatory systems that will help, rather than hinder, electrification. The principles and the accompanying real world examples show how successful electrification often requires that the traditional functions of regulation be performed in non-traditional ways.
KES12. Easing Investment Barriers: Nicaragua’s Renewable Energy Potential. Wolfgang Mostert. Recently Nicaragua’s economy faced a triple squeeze: high power prices, power shortages, and increased costs for imported fuels. Despite the country’s economically-viable renewable energy potential, risk-averse private investors prefer diesel power plants, with their low upfront costs. The lessons of the country’s problematic power-sector reform of 1998–99 are reviewed in the context of measures to ease barriers to RE investment.
KES9. Hedging Mexico’s Electricity Bets: The Case for Renewable Energy. Daniel Farchy. Few investors would risk putting all of their money into a single asset based on a 30-year forecast, yet narrowly-interpreted least-cost energy planning has often done just that. In Mexico, regulatory policies have hindered adoption of renewable energy (RE) and other diversified power options that could reduce portfolio risk. Against this backdrop, this note illustrates the country’s growing recognition of RE as a viable way to broaden investments in power generation and increase long-term security.
KES11. Scaling Up Renewable Energy in China: Economic Modeling Method and Application. Richard Spencer, Peter Meier, and Noureddine Berrah. Many countries wishing to scale up grid-based renewable energy introduce policies that set national targets. But such policy decisions must be based on a solid analytical framework that evaluates the optimum economic quantity of grid-based generation that RE sources can produce. Based on these calculations, an optimal mix of policy instruments can be selected to achieve those targets.
KES13. Improving Indoor Air in Rural Bangladesh: Results of Controlled Experiments. Susmita Dasgupta, Mainul Huq, M. Khaliquzzaman, and David Wheeler. In rural Bangladesh, indoor air pollution is dangerously high for poor households dependent on biomass cooking fuels. Based on earlier research, controlled experiments were conducted in Burumdi village, Narayanganj District to test the effects of structural arrangements and ventilation practices on indoor air pollution order to make policy recommendations on how to alleviate indoor air pollution.